Cannabis contains over 100 different compounds called cannabinoids where CBD and THC are a couple of the most abundant and well researched. The cannabis flower, present on the female cannabis plant is covered in resin glands where cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are extracted from. Cannabis resin is a dark to light brown substance which is scraped off the surface of the cannabis plant and pressed into a solid lump, sometimes referred to as hashish.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most abundant cannabinoid that accounts for approximately 40% of the cannabis resin and is often consumed in the form of an oil. CBD first gained serious media exposure when it was shown to stop epileptic seizures live on television. CBD can affect multiple different pathways in the body at once, making it very difficult to isolate effects and interactions, yet all results tend to be a move to homeostasis.
Taking pure THC will create a significant psychoactive affect and possibly result in a loss of control and anxiety. However when coupled with CBD, the high is reduced and the absorption and benefits of CBD are greater.
Cannabinoid Synergy and Whole Plant Medicine
The multitude of compounds present in the cannabis plant have been designed to work synergistically together to enhance the benefits and decrease any negative side effects. When singled out, individual molecules can create side effects and will not work as well as the entire plant intended. Unfortunately due to most regulations around the world, most forms of cannabis oils have the THC completely removed, whereas even at low doses it can improve the quality of the CBD oil and offer benefits in its own right.
CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid)
CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid)
THCA (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
THCVA (Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid)
CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic acid)
CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid)
CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic acid)