The Cannabis Plant
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of many natural compounds found in the cannabis plant, classed as a cannabinoid. It has drawn the most attention recently as a key driver behind the legalisation of cannabis due to the growing amount of research into its potential application in human health and well-being.
Cannabis contains over 80 different compounds called cannabinoids where CBD and THC are a couple of the most abundant and well researched. The cannabis flower, present on the female cannabis plant is covered in resin glands where cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are extracted from. Cannabis resin is a dark to light brown substance which is scraped off the surface of the Cannabis Plant and pressed into a solid lump, sometimes referred to as hashish.
The oldest known written record of cannabis comes from a Chinese emperor in 2727 BC while it has been found in Siberian burial mounds dating back to 3000 BC. Ancient Greeks and Romans then also started using it and it eventually spread west to Spain and the Americas.
Generally hemp is the name given to a cannabis plant containing less than 0.3% THC which is cannabis typically grown for its industrial use rather than it’s psychoactive properties. Cannabis is a very versatile plant and can be used to make such a vast range of products from paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, construction, health food, and fuel.
Terpenes are the fragrant oils that cannabis produces to attract pollinators which are responsible for its unique smell. They are not unique to cannabis, but are present throughout nature in many plants. Terpenes are what give lavender its aroma or pine forests its fresh smell.