Cannabis and CBD Oil

 In Cannabidiol (CBD)
Evidence Based This article is based on scientific evidence, written by an expert. This article contains scientific references linked throughout.

How to take CBD Oil

Cannabidiol (CBD) is most commonly consumed as an oil, mixed with a carrier such as olive oil, coconut oil (MCT) or hemp seed oil. When CBD is consumed with fatty acids this maximises the bioavailability as it binds to the fat molecules during the absorption and digestion process. This same concept applies to other fat soluble vitamins such as vitamin A, D, E and K. As a general rule, consuming CBD with a fatty meal will improve absorption rates.

Drops can be placed under the tongue and absorbed into the blood, or the oil can be vaporised and inhaled. Alternatively you may find CBD in topical products, rubbed onto the skin to target specific areas.

Taking CBD oil in a dropper under the tongue is extremely easy, quick and efficient. Vaporising the oil and inhaling it can improve absorption and the speed at which it is absorbed, particularly useful for treating seizures and when an immediate reaction and response is required. When vaporising, the effect is faster and stronger but doesn’t last as long as if one was to consume CBD oil orally. Applying topically can help send CBD straight into an area to target a specific issue like a painful joint or a skin condition. Depending on the condition you’re treating either method of consumption will work.

CBD Dosages

CBD dosages vary hugely depending on the person and the goal or disease they wish to treat. A typical CBD dose may be 30mg per day but range up to 100mg or more for someone looking to treat a specific disease. Everyone has a different tolerance and effect to CBD so should experiment by starting off with low dosages and gradually increasing to where you believe you’re feeling the best. Size and weight of a person will again affect the dose required for a desired therapetuic effect. Typical doses range from 0.25mg – 1.25mg per kg of body weight. 

Types of CBD Oil

When choosing a CBD oil you may come across some marketed as “full spectrum”, “broad spectrum” or “isolate”. These are the terms given to different levels of refining of the oil. A full spectrum is as close to the natural oil off the plant, oftening including a range of other cannabinoids, and terpenes. A broad spectrum oil is one that has been refined to remove the trace mounts of THC found in the oils natural form. Unfortunately this process also removes the terpenes and a bunch of other cannabinoids, leaving primary CBD and a few others. CBD isolate generally comes in 99% pure plain CBD. Even further refined to remove everything except the cannabidiol, this is the purest form of CBD available. 

CBD/THC Ratios

We believe CBD is best consumed with other cannabinoids naturally found in the cannabis plant, as they help the absorption and potency of the CBD oil and have their own benefits. Ideal ratios vary depending on the disease but most people in other countries will come out of a dispensary with a 1:1: ratio of CBD to THC. 1:1 is only available in a difficult to get prescription form in New Zealand as of 1st March 2020. 

These ratios require trial and error with the individual taking it as cannabinoid dosages are not a one size fits all. Some may be more sensitive to the THC and require a lower level to be completely comfortable. It is best to seek an expert who can best advise you based on your medical history and current supplements and medication.

Once you add in more molecules of the plant over just CBD and THC, higher doses can be handled and more real cannabis benefits can be experienced. The more of the natural cannabinoids and terpenes present in the oil the better.

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